Life of Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan


Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan is the father of malayalam language.His life was a fight against the upper hands in the society.He studied in Madurai and understood the importance of knowledge in life which was unaware by his fellow men.

Ezhuthachan was born in Trikkandiyoor, near the present day Tirur municipality in Kerala. After the birth of his daughter, Ezhuthachan became a monk and wandered throughout southern India before finally building his monastery at modern day Chittoor, Palakkad.  But at the same time another group believe he was a celebate throughout his life.

Ezhuthachan’s contribution to the Malayalam language is widely considered as unparalleled. He brought massive changes and standardisation in the language through his works. He translated the two Hindu epics, the Ramayana and Mahabharatha to Malayalam for the common man with the combination of Sanskrit and Tamil.

Ezhuthachan is the main contributor to the “Bhakthi movement” in the early stages of Malayalam language. Adhyatma Ramayanam which is considering the Masterpiece work in Malayalam language so far, is also a spiritual text that gave momentum to the “Bhakti cult” in Kerala. Ezhuthachan, along with Poonthanam Namboothiri was one of the prominent Bhakti devotional poets in Kerala.

Thunchan Parambu – the legendary location of Ezhuthachan’s ancestral home – is now a Hindu pilgrimage centre. People from around Kerala come to take sand from the Thunchan Parambu to use in the initiation of their children to the alphabet (a Hindu ceremony). Every year, hundreds of people bring their children to Thunchan Parambu to write their first letters during the Vijayadashami (Dussehra) which falls in the months of October–November. Children are initiated into the “world of letters” by masters, teachers or parents by holding their fingers and writing the letters in a plate filled with rice. The letters will also be written on their tongues with a golden ring.

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