Jammu and Kashmir is a Union territory in Indian federation. Jammu is called as the entrance to Jammu and Kashmir and also known as the city of temples. This wonderful city is a famous tourism destination also. The natural beauty of Jammu will attract everybody and the calm and quite atmosphere gives a visitor a good break from the crowded atmosphere from city life.
This city built by an old king Jamboolochana on the banks of river “Tavi” in 14th century B.C and in ancient times the city was known as “Jamboopura”. Jamboolochan was the brother of Bahoolochan who constructed a fort in the banks of river “Tavi”. The Bahu fort is a famous historical place in Jammu at present. Remains from the Maurya, Kushan, Kushanshahs and Gupta periods have also been found in Jammu. This city was mentioned in the “Mahabharatha” – an epic of Hindus.
After that this city was under the ruler ship of Mughals, Sikhs and finally under British. Since the partition of India,this area came under India following the Kashmir war.
Facts about Jammu
Jammu has the majority of Hidus(around 65%) and Muslims and Sikhs also living here.The language using here are Dogri, Poonchi, Gojri, Kotli,Mirpuri,Hindi,Punjabi and Urudu.Jammu is divided by ten districts for the easiness to rule.
Festivals of Jammu
1)Lohri – This festival is also known as Makar sankranti and it is celebrating on January 13 every year. The people will take a dip in the holy river called Havan yagnas and they are lighting candles in their houses and temples. In the rural areas, it is customary for young boys to go around asking for gifts from newly-weds and parents of new-born babies.
A special dance called the Chajja is held on the occasion of Lohri. It makes a striking picture to see boys along with their ‘Chajjas’ elaborately decorated with coloured paper and flowers dance on the street in a procession. The whole atmosphere of Jammu comes alive with pulsating drumbeats.
2)Baisakhi -This is a harvest festival and this considered auspicious especially for marriages. Also this festival is a mark of new year in local calendar. The people will take holy dips in rivers and ponds and they gather in the temples offering their worships for a better new year.
3)Bahu mela -Marked after the pat local hero Bahoolochan who is the brother of Jamboolochan. This festival celebrating twice a year in a Kali temple situating inside the Bahu fort.
Apart these many other festivals like Cahithre chaudash,Navaratri festival,Urs,Jhiri mela and Purmandal mela are celebrating in Jammu.
Tourist attraction near and around Jammu
Jammu is famous tourism destination for adventure tourism because of its speciality in landscape.The architecture resembles a mix of Hindi and Islam style.Hindu holy shrines of Amaranth and Vaishno Devi attracts tens of thousands of Hindu devotees every year.
This location is located aruond 30 kilo meters from Jammu and this also known as “small Kashi”. There are many temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and at the time of Shiv Rathri season the place filled with festive mood. This time the people will celebrate three days the marriage of Lord Shiva to Devi Parvati.
2. Bahu fort
This also a religious place and this is situating 5 kilometers from Jammu city. This fort built by Raja Bahuloochan around 300 years ago on the banks of river “Tavi” and this is the oldest fort in Jammu. Inside the fort, there is a temple dedicated to the Goddess Kali, popularly known as Bave Wali Mata, the presiding deity of Jammu. Every Tuesday and Sunday pilgrims throng this temple and participate in “Tavi flowing worship”. Today the fort is surrounded with a beautiful terraced garden which is a favourite picnic spot of the city folk.
Bagh-E-Bahu located on the banks of Tawi river, is a Mughal-age garden. It gives a nice view of the old city and Tawi river. Bagh itself is very beautiful. There is a beautiful aquarium with Fish shape near the garden. This is the largest under ground aquarium in India.
Amongst the temples in Jammu, Raghunath temple is situating inside the hearts of the city. This temple work started by Maharaja Gulab sing, who is the founder of the kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir and this was completed by his son Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1860. This temple is a famous tourist attraction at present. The architecture of this temple is amazing and the main sanctuary is dedicated to Lord Rama, who is the main deity of Dogras.
This cave shrine , situated in District Reasi of Jammu and Kashmir state, depicts the natural formation of shivlingum. It is one of the most venerated cave shrines of Lord Shiva in the region. The Holy cave is more than 150 minutes long & houses 4 feet high Svayambhu Lingum, which constantly baths in a milky lime fluid dripping from the ceiling. The cave is full of natural impression and images of various Hindu Deities and full of divine feelings. That is why Shivkhori is known as “Home of Gods”. The route from Jammu to Shiv Khori is full of beautiful and picturesque mountains, waterfalls and lakes.
5. Manasar Lake
Situating around 65 kilometers from the city, this beautiful lake adjacent with forest and mountains. This is a must watch tourist spot for visitors.This place also has some religious importance and connected to Holy Manasarovar. There is a wild life sanctuary housing jungle life including Spotted Deer, Neelgai and water birds such as Cranes and Ducks.
6. Amar Mahal Palace
Amar Mahal Palace or Hari Nivas is situated on the banks of Tawi River. It built in the 19th century by Dogra ruler Raja Amar Singh. This is using now a days as a museum with collections of paintings, books, art collection and a big golden throne. It is a nice attraction in the Jammu city.