Ranthambore fort is inside the Ranthambore National Park near the town of Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. It is a UNESCO certified heritage fort along with five other hill forts of Rajasthan. The park was the hunting ground of royal princes who ruled Jaipur till India’s independence. After that, it’s affiliated with the Indian republic under Rajasthan state. The name came from three words ran (war zone) stambh (pillar of the fort) and the bore is a canyon. This fort is situated near the Aravalli mountains and on the Thambhore hill. It is 1572 feet above from the sea level and 700feet above from the surrounding ground plane.
It’s a UNESCO World Heritage site
The fort became a great war field for many centuries as the Rajputs tried to stop many foreign invaders who tried to conquer the fort.
The owners of the fort in chronological order
- The construction of fort started by Chauhan Rajput king Sapaldaksha in 945AD
- It is believed that the fort construction finished by Jayant, another Chauhan king in 1100 AD
- In 1192 AD, Muhammad of Ghor took the control defeating Chauhan king Prithviraj II, but his son Govindaraja IV, who accepted the suzerainty of Ghurid dynasty and ruled the fort.
- In 1226 AD, Delhi King Iltutmish took ver the control
- In 1236 AD, Chauhan dynasty re captured from Delhi.
- In 1259AD, Sultan Nasir ud din Muhamad captured the fort
- In 1283 AD, Shakthi dev Chauhan re captured Ranthambore fort.
- In 1291 AD, Sultan Jalaludin Firuz Khilji conquered the fort
- In 1299 AD, Hammiradeva Chauhan captured with the help of a general of Khilji
- In 1301 AD, Alaudin Khilji took control of the fort
- In 1326 AD, Mewar dynasty ruled the fort
- In 1468 AD, Hada rajputs of Bundi captured the control
- In 1569AD, Akbar , the Mughal empire captured the fort and took control for 2 decades
- In 17th century, the fort given to Kachwaha Maharajahs of Jaipur. They took the control till the independence of India.
What to see inside the fort.
There are two Hindu temples inside the fort. These dedicated to Lord Ganesh and Lord Shiva. The Ganesh temple at Ranthambore is incredibly famous all over India. It is one of the main Ganesh temples in India. Wednesday, which is an auspicious day to visit Lord Ganesh, big crowd can be see in front of the temple. Also, it is a custom in this part of the world that first wedding letter send to Lord Ganesha. The local mail carrier will deliver everyday many invitation letters in the temple.
There are another two Jain temples dedicated to Lord Sumathi Nath and Lord Sambhav Nath.
Apart from these temples, you can view the sun set from the fort which is a mind blowing one. Also, one can view the breathtaking scene of the National park with it wild greenery from the top of the fort. The first gate is known as “Naulakha Gate” and the second gate is known as “Hathi gate”. There is a Muslim tomb inside the fort which belongs to peer Sadruddin. You can see a small lake surrounded by garden which is known s “Queen’s pond” which is in a ruin stage. Jogi Mahal Gate is the last gate on the way to top. There are many banyan trees near to Jogi mahal gate which believed 500 years old and second largest Banyan tree in India. 32 pillars chhatri(umbrella) is another great example of Mughal and Rajput style of architecture. There are many structures inside the fort which are almost in a ruined stage. They include Dullah Mahal, Badhal Mahal, graveyards, mausoleum, hammir court. There is a Padmala pond which is covering a large area with so much depth near Kali temple. This pond famous for Padmavati, daughter of Rao Hammir who jumped into the lake and sacrifice her life. Many queens performed water Jauhar after receiving the news of King’s defeat in the war. Dullah Mahal , Badhal Mahal ,Rani water pond , some graveyard , mausoleum , phansi ghar , hammir court etc,
HOW TO REACH RANTHAMBORE FORT
BY AIR:- Jaipur is the nearest airport situated in Sanganer. There are 160 Km from here to Ranthambore. You can use road or rail service to reach to the fort.
BY RAIL:- Sawai Madhopur which is 11 Km from Ranthambore is the nearest Railway station. It is well connected with direct trains from cities like Jaipur, Udaipur, Delhi etc. Also this is a heritage railway station and awarded for the best tourist friendly station in India. Many luxury trains like Palace on Wheels, Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, Maharaja Express and The Indian Maharaja are scheduled to make a stop here to visit the fort and National park.
BY ROAD:- The Ranthambore fort is well connected by road with all major cities like Kotah, Jaipur, Udaipur, Delhi, Mumbai and Agra.
Chandigarh to Rathambore 632 Km
Jaipur to Ranthambore – 160 Km
Udaipur to Ranthambore – 388 Km
Jodhpur to Ranthambore – 455 Km
Delhi to Ranthambore – 382 Km
Agra to Ranthambore – 240 Km
Mumbai to Ranthambore – 1030 Km