Kumbhalgarh fort is situated on the Western side of Aravalli hills in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan state in India. It is the second largest fort in Rajasthan after Chittorgarh fort. It is a fort covered four sides with huge walls. It is the second longest wall after “the great Chinese wall”!!! As per the record books, it has 36 Km long wall. The first look at the fort will give an amazing feeling to anyone because of the huge size of the wall and the entire fort. It is a must watch place for anyone who is interested in history, travelling and an archeological student.
It’s a UNESCO World Heritage site
Its boundary walls are projecting outside hugely in continuous intervals feels like pregnant ramparts bowing out into the desert in boulder-like configurations, stacked atop one another and giving the fort the appearance of a mountain. Many areas the fort has 15 meters thickness and considered that eight horses can run side by side on the wall.Its boundary walls are projecting outside hugely in continuous intervals feels like pregnant ramparts bowing out into the desert in boulder-like configurations, stacked atop one another and giving the fort the appearance of a mountain. Many areas the fort has 15 meters thickness and considered that eight horses can run side by side on the wall.
The specialties of Kumbhalgarh fort.
- Second largest wall on the planet with 36 Km length after “The great Chinese wall”
- Built in 15th century by Maharana Kumbha who never defeated
- Birthplace of famous Rajput king Maharana Pratap
- Belongs one of the largest Shiva lingam in India
- Fort has 360 temples inside.
History of Kumbhalgarh fort
The correct evidence about the construction and details about the fort is not available. According to old scripts, the place known as Machindrapur and it believed that the old fort built by Jain King Samprati in the 6th Century. The reconstruction started in 1443 and finished in 1458. It is believed that Kumbha is given the name as Kumbhalmer but it famous in the name of Kumbhalgarh. Gujarat Kings Ahmed Shah and Sultan Quitabdin tried some unsuccessful attempts in between. But Sultan Qutabdin destroyed a temple near the fort dedicated to Goddess Banmatha due to a belief that the goddess protecting the fort from attacks. Mahmud Khilji tied to conquer the fort in 1459 and 1467 but could not succeed in his efforts. The fort constructed in its current form by Rajput King Maharana Kumbha in 15th century. The fort was under the influence of Rajput kings all the time. A brief time it was under Mughal emperor Akbar in 1576, but it recaptured by Maharana Pratap with the Guerrilla war strategy in 1585. The British took over, but return to the Udaipur state.
Gates inside Kumbhalgarh
The first gate is known as Aretpol which gives protection to the fort. It followed by Hullapol, Hanumanpol, Vijaypol and Rampol. From Rampol the strong high walls are starting. From Rampol to the main gate, there are five gates named Bhairavpol, Neebupol, Chauganpol, Pakhadapol and Ganesh pol. All these gates for the safety of the fort and one can realise these are the greatest defense of Rajputs.
Main attractions inside the fort
There are around 360 temples inside the fort. Around 300 related to Jains and remaining belongs to Hindus. The Shiva temple is very famous and the Shivlinga is one of the biggest in India. Other hindu temples dedicated to Parashuram, Ganesh, Neelkanth Mahadeva. Jain temples are Bawan(52) Chatries temple, Parsva natha temple, Kheda devi temple, Mamdeo temple, Pital shsah jain temple and Surya temple.
Other attractions are Kumbha palace, Palace of queen Jhalia and Badal mahal. There is a light and sound show every evening in Hindi language which will brief about the history of the fort. This will continue 45 minutes. You have to take ticket to watch this show.
There are inscriptions on the foot of idols in Hanuman gate detailing the construction of the fort. Bad Shahi Bavdi is a tank, believed to have been built during the invasion of Shahbaz Khan in 1578 to provide water to the troops.
Rajasthan Tourism Department Organizes three day cultural festival every year in December 1-3 in Kumbhalgarh. This is one of the biggest cultural event in Rajasthan with dance and art competitions.
How to reach Kumbhalgarh
By Air:- The nearest Domestic airport at Udaipur which is around 105 Km away. Sardar Vallabhai Patel airport at Ahmendabad is the nearest International Airport.
By Rail:- Falna is the nearest Railway station, which is 85 Km away from Kumbhalgarh. Falna is well connected by rail with major cities.
By Road:- Kumbhalgarh is connected with all major cities through Rajasthan state road transport corporation. 345 Km from Jaipur, 48 Km from Rajasamand, 215 Km from Ajmer, 207 Km from Jodhpur.
Best season to visit Kumbhalgarh
Best season to visit Kumbhalgarh is winter. Winter starts from October and ends in March. Special functions, organizing in connection with festivals like Diwali, Navrathri and Dusshera.